X-Ray & Diagnostic Ultrasound Consultants
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  Early Detection Exams

At X-ray & Diagnostics Ultrasound Consultants Ltd our Early Detection Programme can help keep you healthy.

The best prevention for any disease is early detection.

The Early Detection Programme at X-ray & Diagnostic Ultrasound Consultants Ltd. can help you maintain a healthy life.

This programme uses modern technologies including high resolution Ultrasound and  CT scanning technology which allow for non-invasive examinations of specific body parts as well as full body scans. Today, more than ever before, it is possible to know how your body is functioning at any given time. Diagnosing and treating potential life-altering or
life-threatening problems in their earliest stages, before they can do permanent damage, and while they are more treatable, was the persuasion to establish the Early Detection Programme at XDUCL.

Who is this programme for?

  • Individuals with a family history of degenerative diseases
  • Individuals with a family history of cancer
  • Individuals over the age of 45 who want to set a baseline and continue a programme of early detection for themselves
  • Individuals with a family history of heart disease (coronary artery)
  • Individuals with high levels of stress

Read more about the examinations included in this early detection program are:

For more information on our Early Detection Program and to see whether it might be right for you call X-ray & Diagnostics Ultrasound Consultants at (876) 929-8140 (876) 926-6227, (876) 929-0844 and (876) 9290844 .


DEXA Scan For Detection of Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis means porous, weak or brittle bones and reflects a loss of calcium. It affects many people as they age, especially women. Many females in the menopause develop osteoporosis and this may cause the individual to lose height, develop back pain and have fractures of the spine and hips.

It used to be thought that osteoporosis did not affect people of African decent that much, but the experience at X-Ray and Diagnostic Ultrasound Consultants Limited since 1998, indicates that this is inaccurate. Osteoporosis is a common problem among Jamaican women.

Screening for Osteoporosis is Recommended

It is important to find out early if thinning of the bones has started, so that the process can be arrested by medication and lifestyle adjustment.

One of the best technologies for determining loss of bone calcium is a DEXA Scan - that is “Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry.”

Who should get a DEXA Scan?

The following persons should get a DEXA Scan done:

  • Women particularly those in the menopause.
  • Cigarette smokers.
  • Persons who lead a sedentary lifestyle.
  • Those who are extremely slender, less than 125 pounds.
  • Someone with a history of a parent or sibling with osteoporosis.
  • People taking steroids.

How does the DEXA Scan work?
The test itself is very simple and takes approximately 10 minutes. You lie down on an examination table, and the scanner rapidly directs low dose x-ray energy from two different sources towards the part being examined. The information is then processed by the computer.


  • DEXA scanning more precisely documents small changes in bone density and gives accurate and specific data on the spine and hip which are the target areas for fractures.
  • A DEXA scan can detect changes after about a 1% loss of bone calcium.
  • The DEXA scan is the most accurate tool available today for diagnosing osteoporosis and it is fast and safe.

All reports are supplied with a print out of the details of the scan.

Trans Rectal Ultrasound & Biopsy For Detection of Prostate Cancer

Jamaican males are thought to have one of the highest rates of cancer of the Prostate.  Undiagnosed, this cancer can lead to a slow and painful death, particularly when the bones are involved. 

The prostate gland is unique to men.  The urethra, which takes urine from the bladder and through the penis passes through this small gland.  Although the prostate gland serves little purpose it can produce real problems for men. It can become enlarged (BPH – mortatic hyperplasia) thus restricting the flow of urine making urination difficult, frequent and incomplete. An enlarged prostate can block the flow of urine which is commonly referred to as “Stoppage of water.”  This can result in significant damage to the kidneys. Prostate cancer is generally silent in its early stages, hence screening tests are necessary for early detection.

Screening for Prostate Cancer is Recommended
A blood test called a PSA test should be done and if the result indicates an elevated level the doctor will initiate the search for prostate cancer. This involves a Trans Rectal Ultrasound and Biopsy of the prostate. 

The Trans Rectal Ultrasound Exam and Biopsy tests enables early diagnosis of prostate cancer, resulting in a cure for many and an improved quality of life for most.

How is the Trans Rectal Ultrasound & Biopsy Performed?
For a trans rectal ultrasound, a special probe with a protective cover is placed into the anus to obtain pictures of the prostate. Under the guidance of the ultrasound a number of tiny samples (biopsy) are taken from different areas of the prostate. The pathologist then examines these samples and a diagnosis is made.
It may be necessary to repeat this procedure, but it is performed under local anaesthetic so this is not painful. In addition it may be necessary for a client with negative biopsies to proceed to a special MRI examination of the prostate to search for other signs of prostate cancer, which could be missed with the ultrasound.


  • Blood in the urine, the semen and the stool may occur, but this ceases after a short while.
  • The risk of infection is possible, therefore potent antibiotics are given to patients undergoing prostate biopsy.


The Role of Nuclear Medicine, CT Scans and MRI Scans in Prostate Cancer.

These examinations primarily enable the doctor to identify possible spread of the cancer to bones, lymph nodes and other organs which would be critical for planning treatment. The nuclear skeletal scan checks the bones (a target for spread of prostate cancer). The Multi Detector CT Scan of the abdomen or MRI check for spread of cancer beyond the boundaries of the prostate gland- primarily to lymph nodes. A special MRI scan of the prostate is sometimes necessary to identify difficult to diagnose foci of prostate cancer.

Treatment for prostate cancer may include medical treatment, surgery and radiation therapy. The Radiation Oncology Centre of Jamaica, which is affiliated with X-ray & Diagnostic Ultrasound Consultants, provides External Beam Radiation Therapy and Brachytherapy (implantation of radioactive seeds) for the treatment of Prostate Cancer.

The good news, not everyone with elevation or the serum PSA will have prostate cancer. Prostatic inflammation – prostatitis or non cancerous prostatic enlargement (BPH) are also common causes for PSA elevation.


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